GENERAL ANESTHESIA OR SEDATION
- Do not drive or operate machinery for 24 hours.
- Do not consume alcohol, tranquilizers, sleeping medications or any non-prescribed medication for 24 hours.
- Do not make important decisions or sign any important papers in the next 24 hours.
- You should have someone stay with you at home for the next 24 hours.
- If your face, jaws and tongue are still numb after 7 to 12 hours (and beyond), then it is probably due to the long acting local anesthesia (Marcaine). This is part of the pain control.
- You are advised to go directly home. Restrict your activities and rest for a day. Resume light to normal activity for the next few days. (Remove gauze when you get home and replace only as needed.)
- Avoid excessive physical exertion and fatigue during the first few days following your surgery. Obtain adequate sleep (rest).
- If the surgery involved your sinus or nasal cavities, avoid smoking, sneezing or blowing your nose until further notice. If you have to sneeze do it through an open mouth.
FLUIDS AND DIET
NOTHING HOT TODAY! Begin with clear liquids (e.g. Gatorade, ice tea, apple juice). If not nauseated, you may go to a full liquid diet (e.g. cold, liquidy milk products such as milkshakes, frozen yogurt or a smoothie). A homemade milkshake, using skim milk or soy milk, frozen yogurt or ice cream and fresh fruit blend into an excellent source of nourishment. HELPFUL TIPS: Additional foods you may eat the day of surgery – yogurt without fruit, applesauce, puddings, Jell-O, popsicles, fudgesicles and ice cream (no food particles for 24 hours). The day following the surgery you can begin to eat regular soft foods for the next 5 days or so (e.g. eggs, omelets, spaghetti, meat loaf and well cooked vegetables). It is important to maintain a diet high in protein and complex carbohydrates. Do not skip meals. Please take a potent multi- vitamin and at least 500 mg of Vitamin C per day. Avoid big, hard and chewy foods for 5 days or until jaw stiffness and discomfort have resolved (e.g. no steaks, triple decker sandwiches or chewing gum).
- You should resume your daily prescription medication schedule per your physician’s instructions. If you are diabetic, you may need to stay on a sliding insulin scale (based on your blood glucose level and your doctor’s advice) until you are back to your normal caloric daily intake. IF YOU ARE ON A BLOOD THINNER (WARFARIN, PLAVIX, ETC.), THEN YOU SHOULD CONTINUE IT THE SAME EVENING OF YOUR SURGERY IF THERE ARE NO SERIOUS BLEEDING PROBLEMS.
- INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMMON MEDICATIONS THAT MAY BE PRESCRIBED:
□ Naproxen (Aleve) – [your daily maintenance pain medicine] – Analgesic/anti-flammatory drug for mild to moderate discomfort. This medication must be taken consistently to be effective every 10-12 hours with food (preferably after meals) for the first week postoperatively. This is an excellent analgesic to take for those patients who must go back to school, work or operate machinery such as cars. Take as directed on the bottle. (You may choose to take OTC Aleve.)
□ Narcotic analgesic [your rescue pain medicine] – Percocet (5 mg Oxycodone 5/Acetaminophen 325) or Ultram (Tramadol 50 mg.) – This analgesic should be taken (only as necessary) for moderate to severe pain not controlled by the Naproxen (Aleve). Take 1⁄2 to 1 tablet every 4 to 6 hours with food. You should not take this medication if you are driving a car or operating machinery. You may experience dizziness and drowsiness. Do not drink alcohol while taking narcotics. This medication requires a prescription. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) 650 mg and Naproxen (Aleve) 220 mg taken together give more pain relief than Percocet. Any of these medications should be taken as directed on the bottle.
□ Antibiotics (e.g. Amoxicillin, Clindamycin, Cephalexin or Metronidazole) – These medications will help prevent infection and should be taken as directed on the bottle until they are all gone. This medication requires a prescription. TAKE YOUR FIRST DOSE 4 HOURS AFTER SURGERY.
It will be necessary for you to use probiotics daily (eg. Yogurt [Noosa] with active cultures) while on antibiotics.
□ Zofran ODT 4 mg – This medication controls nausea and vomiting associated with anesthesia and surgery. It may cause drowsiness or dizziness. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks while using this medication. Doses may be repeated at 8 hour intervals. This medication requires a prescription. Take as directed on the bottle.
□ Chlorhexidine Oral Rinse (Periogard) – This antibacterial rinse should be used every 12 hours for 16 days. Use as directed on bottle (rinse for for 40 seconds undiluted and spit out)-START TONIGHT!
ANESTHESIA/MEDICATION SIDE EFFECTS (NAUSEA)
- Please call us immediately if you have any side effects (e.g. nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches). Please call us immediately if you have an allergic reaction (e.g. rash or swelling). Do not take the offending drug again. If you are not sure which drug caused the problem, then discontinue all medications and call us immediately. If you are having difficulty breathing or swallowing – then call 911 immediately.
- If nausea occurs, try an antacid (over the counter), such as Mylanta, Maalox or Alka-Selzer Gold, before continuing with some bland foods (i.e. cereal, soft crackers, flat soda drink or milk).
- If your bowel habits become irregular, it is suggested you take a mild laxative (over the counter), such as Milk of Magnesia or Metamucil. Please call us if constipation becomes a problem.
- Swelling: Facial swelling after surgery is normal. It usually takes three days for swelling to reach a peak before beginning to subside. Most of the swelling will normally resolve within the first 7 to 10 days. Ice packs are used for the first 24 to 48 hours. Plastic bags filled with crushed ice and wrapped in a towel or a commercial ice bag are convenient forms of application. Apply for 20 minutes – each hour while awake (on 20 minutes/off 40 minutes). After discontinuing ice, you may switch to moist heat (warm water bottle or warm wash cloth) using the same time periods.
- Bruising: Black and blue marks on the face are caused by bleeding internally. This appears first as swelling, but often on the second or third day, it may discolor the face black or blue then yellow. It will usually disappear within 10 days. Make-up tips are as follows: Mint Tint – Conceals redness; Lavender Tint – Conceals yellowish bruising; Yellow Tint – Conceals blue or lavender bruising.
- Oral hygiene: This is the single most important thing that you can do on your behalf to minimize the possibility of wound infection following oral surgery. Please use a soft bristle toothbrush with a toothpaste without whiteners (along with dental flossing) to keep the teeth clean. The recommended routine will be as follows: After meals, brush and floss your teeth being very careful around the surgical wound; (if a prescription was given) we want you to rinse with Chlorhexidine 0.12% (Periogard) mouth rinse every 12 hours (hold in mouth for 40 seconds and spit out) for 16 days – begin this process tonight (after supper/after breakfast). In addition, you may then rinse with a diluted mouthwash (1/2 water and 1/2 Listerine) for 30 seconds after lunch. If Periogard was not prescribed, then use diluted Listerine or salt water after each meal 3 times per day. Be very careful during the first 24 hours following the surgery – do not be too vigorous in your rinsing as this may stimulate bleeding. IMPORTANT: DO NOT use a mechanical toothbrush or Waterpik for 2 weeks.
- Oral Bleeding: Gauze was placed over the surgical site to serve as a pressure bandage when you bite down. REMOVE THE GAUZE WHEN YOU GET HOME AND ONLY REPLACE IT AS NEEDED TO CONTROL THE BLEEDING. Remove the gauze when sleeping, eating or taking medications. (Do not replace the gauze if there is no bleeding). A small amount of oozing is normal for the first 24 hours. You may wish to cover your pillow with an old towel to avoid staining. Rest with your head elevated by pillows at least 35 degrees. Avoid vigorous rinsing, spitting, smoking, carbonated soda drinks, toothpaste and mouthwashes with whiteners, drinking through a straw and alcohol containing mouthwashes (unless diluted) for the first 7 days as this may interrupt the clotting process. Please limit your talking for several days to help reduce bleeding and swelling. For persistent or increased bleeding – you can place a wet tea bag (place in ice cold water for several minutes prior to placing over the wound) and bite down to apply pressure for about 45 minutes.
- Avoid: Please avoid the tendency to touch your oral wound with your tongue or fingers. This may cause significant problems with healing.
- Note: Typically, pain and swelling will peak on the third day post-operatively. If the pain medications are keeping you comfortable and the swelling is not severe, then you are probably doing as we would expect.
- NOTICE: If you have been given a temporary partial (AKA:flipper) or a denture to wear following your surgery, it is OK to resume wearing when you feel comfortable. You must take it out during meals (no chewing allowed). You must leave it out for the first two weeks following bone graft surgery to (prevent damage to the wound) allow for swelling to resolve. Please bring it with you (for evaluation and any needed adjustment) to every follow-up appointment.
- Sinus Injury Instructions: (IF TOLD BY STAFF MEMBER YOU HAD A SUNUS EXPOSURE) Blowing the nose, sucking liquid through a straw, and smoking, all of which create negative pressure, should be avoided for 4 weeks after surgery. Coughing or sneezing should be done with the mouth open to relieve pressure. Pressure (gauze) at the surgical site, ice, elevation of the head, and rest are also recommended.
SPECIFIC COMPLICATIONS TO WATCH FOR – CONTACT DR. SATTERFIELD (CALL 911 IF PROBLEM BECOMES URGENT OR LIFE THREATENING).
- Possible allergic reaction – rash, sudden swelling, difficulty breathing.
- You have severe headaches or notice changes in your vision.
- You develop difficulty seeing, become dizzy or pass out. You have difficulty speaking, breathing or swallowing.
- Fever over 101 degrees by mouth.
- Uncontrollable bleeding (call immediately).
- Pain not relieved by pain medication.
- Unexpected swelling around the surgical site.
- Increased redness, warmth and hardness around the oral wound.
- Increased and progressive drainage from the surgical wound.
- Increased redness, warmth, hardness of the IV site.
- New numbness or tingling in your face (persistent numbness beyond 24 hours).
- Inability to urinate.
- Continued nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation.
- Jaw stiffness is expected after jaw surgery and usually begins to improve within 5 to 7 days. Notify us if it does not improve.
- Foul taste and odors are commonly reported after oral surgery. Good oral hygiene measures can help eliminate this problem.
- Any other unusual or abnormal symptoms.
- You were given a follow-up appointment card (check in your post-op bag or call us if you cannot find it). Dr. Satterfield will need to re-evaluate you (to check your progress).
- After office hours and weekends our answering service (706-543-8377 or 706-475-9852) picks up 24 hours a day/7 days a week. There may be a brief delay in returning your call if the doctor (on-call) is busy. Please place your call again if there is not a timely response.